But were they really?Why were the first rules so similar to Cambridge rules.
Well for one, Cambridge rules were a hybrid of English football games, much like Australian football.
1. The distance between the Goals and the Goal Posts shall be decided upon by the Captains of the sides playing.
This is not actually mentioned in the Cambridge rules.
2. The Captains on each side shall toss for choice of Goal; the side losing the toss has the kick off from the centre point between the Goals
This is not mentioned in the Cambridge rules.
3. A Goal must be kicked fairly between the posts, without touching either of them, or a portion of the person of any player on either side.
Cambridge rule 7 - Goal is when the ball is kicked through the flag-posts and under the string.
Sheffield rule 9 - A goal must be kicked but not from touch nor by a free kick from a catch.
4. The game shall be played within a space of not more than 200 yards wide, the same to be measured equally on each side of a line drawn through the centres of the two Goals; and two posts to be called the "kick off posts" shall be erected at a distance of 20 yards on each side of the Goal posts at both ends, and in a straight line with them.
This is not mentioned in the Cambridge rules.
Not mentioned in the rugby rules
5. In case the ball is kicked "behind" Goal, any one of the side behind whose Goal it is kicked may bring it 20 yards in front of any portion of the space between the "kick off" posts, and shall kick it as nearly as possible in line with the opposite Goal.
Cambridge Rule 6 - When the ball is behind it shall be brought forward at the place where it left the ground, not more than ten paces, and kicked off.
Rugby Rule vii. KICK OUT must not be from more than ten yards out of goal if a place-kick, not more than twenty-five yards, if a punt, drop, or knock on.
Sheffield rule 2. Kick out must not be more than 25 yards [23 m] out of goal.
6. Any player catching the ball "directly" from the foot may call "mark". He then has a free kick; no player from the opposite side being allowed to come "inside" the spot marked.
Cambridge rule 8 - When a player catches the ball directly from the foot, he may kick it as he can without running with it. In no other case may the ball be touched with the hands, except to stop it.
Rugby Rule i. FAIR CATCH is a catch direct from the foot.
Sheffield Rule 3. A fair catch is a catch from any player provided the ball has not touched the ground or has not been thrown from touch and is entitled to a free-kick.
7. Tripping and pushing are both allowed (but no hacking) when any player is in rapid motion or in possession of the ball, except in the case provided for in Rule 6.
Cambridge rule 10. In no case is holding a player, pushing with the hands, or tripping up allowed. Any player may prevent another from getting to the ball by any means consistent with the above rules.
Rugby Rule xxvi. No hacking with the heel, or above the knee, is fair.
Rugby Rule xxvii. No player but the first on his side, may be hacked, except in a scrummage.
Sheffield rule 8. Pushing with the hands is allowed but no hacking or tripping up is fair under any circumstances whatever.
8. The ball may be taken in hand "only" when caught from the foot, or on the hop. In "no case" shall it be "lifted" from the ground.
Cambridge Rule 8. When a player catches the ball directly from the foot, he may kick it as he can without running with it. In no other case may the ball be touched with the hands, except to stop it
Sheffield rule 7. It is not lawful to take the ball off the ground (except in touch) for any purpose whatever.
9. When a ball goes out of bounds (the same being indicated by a row of posts) it shall be brought back to the point where it crossed the boundary-line, and thrown in at right angles with that line.
Cambridge rule 7. The ball is out when it has passed the line of the flag-posts on either side of the ground, in which case it shall be thrown in straight.
10. The ball, while in play, may under no circumstances be thrown.
Cambridge Rule 8 again. When a player catches the ball directly from the foot, he may kick it as he can without running with it. In no other case may the ball be touched with the hands, except to stop it.
They were close enough that visiting rugby sides could play Australian teams without much difficulty.Acknowledgement that first rules were nothing like rugby rules.
Known yes. Used it to develop Australian football. Probably not.Acknowledgement that Wills in all probability would have knowledge of Marngrook.
I dont know or care. Like Marngrook, not one of the games founders discusses the irish games as being an influence.Acknowledgement that there was a huge Irish immigrant population in Melbourne.